The following archaeologists, historians, librarians, and literary, cultural and media specialists all play a role in our Medieval Studies Research Group:

Claire Arrand, Special Collections Librarian

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After a long and varied career in different areas of librarianship, I joined the University of Lincoln in 2015, in the newly created post of Special Collections Librarian. This includes a secondment to Lincoln Cathedral Library, which retains its tenth- to sixteenth-century collection of manuscripts, working alongside the Cathedral Librarian. Prior to this position, I worked for over 20 years at Lincolnshire Archives and became familiar with manuscripts, archivists and conservators. Over the last six years I have overseen a project to digitize Rodney Thomson’s Catalogue of the Manuscripts of Lincoln Cathedral, adding images for palaeography, which is being added to the Special Collections catalogue.  During this time I have been supervising academics researching the medieval manuscript collection, arranging group visits to Exchequer Gate, working closely with History and English academic staff to make use of the manuscript in teaching sessions, encouraging student access for their own research, and supervising student volunteers to gain valuable experience for their future careers.


Dr Graham Barrett, Senior Lecturer, Medieval History

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I am Senior Lecturer in Late Antiquity, joining the School of History and Heritage in 2016. My field of research is the archaeology of Latin literacy in the Iberian Peninsula and western Europe more generally over the longue durée – not how much there may have been, but why there was any at all, and how it operated in practice; the written record of the past as a product of the society and culture which we as historians use it to describe. Working with the full range of surviving evidence, I chart continuities and changes in the contexts in which Latin was deployed as the defining element of the Roman legacy to the early medieval West. I am happy to supervise undergraduate and graduate dissertations in any of these fields. Before coming to the University of Lincoln, I was a Junior Research Fellow in Medieval History at St John’s College, Oxford, from 2012 to 2016, during which time I developed my interest in texts and the materiality of transmission. From 2011 to 2012 I was also a Royal Historical Society Centenary Fellow at the Institute of Historical Research, University of London, and a Postdoctoral Research Associate in the Department of History, King’s College London. I completed my DPhil in History, ‘The Written and the World in Early Medieval Iberia’, at Balliol College, Oxford, in 2015, under the supervision of Professor Chris Wickham; and my MSt in Medieval History, ‘Everyday Literacy in Visigothic Spain’, at Balliol in 2008. Before moving to the UK from Canada, I earned a BA (Hons) in History and Latin at Victoria College, University of Toronto, in 2007.

At Lincoln I teach Classical and medieval Latin and Roman, late antique, and medieval history at the undergraduate and graduate levels; I also teach medieval palaeography, diplomatic, and codicology at the graduate level. From 2018 I am Joint Programme Leader of our new BA (Hons) in Classical Studies.

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Dr Nicholas Bennett, Visiting Senior Fellow

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Nicholas Bennett has worked on the records of the cathedral and diocese of Lincoln for more than forty years.  His doctorate focused on the beneficed clergy of the diocese in the early fourteenth century and he has published three volumes on the registers of Bishop Henry Burghersh (1320-1340) for the Lincoln Record Society.  He worked as an Archivist at the Lincolnshire Archives for twelve years and then moved to Lincoln Cathedral where he served as Vice-Chancellor and Librarian until his retirement in 2013, looking after the historic collections of rare books and manuscripts and building up an important reference library, particularly strong in medieval ecclesiastical history.  He has served a General Editor of the Lincoln Record Society since 2002, helping to maintain its impressive series of more than one hundred volumes, giving access to some of the archival riches of the county and diocese of Lincoln.  He has also worked closely with the Historic Lincoln Trust, writing catalogues for major exhibitions in which manuscripts and artefacts of international significance, including the Luttrell Psalter, the Gloucester Candlestick and Domesday Book, were displayed.  He is currently working on a major prosopography, a biographical register of Lincolnshire parish clergy from c.1214 to 1968, of which two volumes have so far been published; this will provide a major source of reference for students of Lincolnshire history.


Professor Mark Clark, Visiting Research Professor

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With a doctorate in medieval history from Columbia University, Professor Mark J. Clark, the John C. and Gertrude P. Hubbard Chair of Medieval Church History and Theology at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., is entering his tenth year there teaching students at all levels, from undergraduate to doctoral students. For the past five years, Professor Clark’s research has focused on the manuscript holdings of cathedral schools in England. An initial Ker Grant from the British Academy brought Clark to England to assess the lectures on the Old Testament of Stephen Langton, famous for his role as Archbishop of Canterbury in securing Magna Carta. Clark, however, discovered in England a cornucopia of manuscripts preserving Parisian lectures from 1140-1200, lectures that scholars had sought in vain to uncover in Paris. A British Academy Visiting Fellowship working with Professor Nicholas Vincent and the University of East Anglia led to further discoveries, among which is the discovery that Lincoln Cathedral, already known to have been one of the most important English cathedrals during the High Middle Ages, was actually at the center of a network of English cathedrals closely connected to the cathedral school of Paris from the mid-twelfth century onwards. Owing to such discoveries, Professor Clark is now working with the University of Lincoln and its faculty as a visiting research scholar during the summer months of 2020, an opportunity and collaboration for which he is very grateful.


Dr Andrew Elliott, Senior Lecturer, Media and Cultural Studies

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A graduate of Durham and Exeter, Andrew’s research specialism analyses how modern media (film, television & video games) re-use history, and medieval history in particular. Teaching in the School of Film and Media, I also offer frequent guest lectures on historical representation in popular culture at the undergraduate and MA level and co-supervise PhDs with the School of History and Heritage.

I’ve published on a range of topics within this area, including on the Epic Film, medieval film, Arthurian legends, Brexit, social media, television and video games which use historical settings. My recent work has been on political uses of medievalism in the media and what I have called participatory medievalism, namely the popular imagination and its construction of the past. I am author of Remaking the Middle Ages (2010, analysing medieval cinema), co-editor with Matthew Wilhelm Kapell of Playing with the Past (2013, examining historical video games), and editor of The Return of the Epic Film (2014, pbk 2015, exploring the return of the sword and sandals epic in the cinema). My latest book, Medievalism and the Mass Media (2017, pbk 2021), explores the uses of the past in social media and mainstream news reporting, and I’m currently writing a new book on medieval statues and participatory medievalism.

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Dr Mark Gardiner, Reader in Heritage

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Mark Gardiner is a Reader in Heritage in the College of Arts. Mark Gardiner undertook research on the social and economic factors in the development of the late medieval historical landscape of eastern Sussex for his PhD at University College London. In 1984 he moved across the road to work at the Field Archaeology Unit at the Institute of Archaeology, excavating a series of sites in the south-east of England. These included the Franciscan friary at Lewes, the late medieval church at Broomhill and an early Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Highdown. He subsequently became the Deputy Director of the Field Archaeology Unit, then renamed Archaeology South-East. In 1996 he left the Institute to become a Lecturer, and later Senior Lecturer, in Medieval Archaeology at Queen’s University Belfast. He undertook excavation at the port of Ardglass and began work in the North Atlantic, excavating in Shetland and Norway. He has worked with Dr Natascha Mehler on a series of survey projects, including the mostly recently, the Harbours of the North Atlantic. That project has included survey in Greenland, Iceland, the Faeroes and Norway. He has served as President of the Society for Medieval Archaeology, President of the Medieval Settlement Research Group and Editor of Archaeological Journal. He was appointed as the British representative of the European settlement body, Ruralia, in 2004 and is currently Vice President. He is on the editorial boards of Vernacular Architecture and the Journal of the North Atlantic. He was appointed Reader at the University of Lincoln in 2017. He continues to work on historical landscapes and particularly land-use in the uplands, on trade and exchange in the North Atlantic and on medieval buildings. He is responsible for leading and developing Lincoln Conservation.

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Dr Antonella Liuzzo Scorpo, Senior Lecturer, Medieval History

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I am a Senior Lecturer in Medieval History in the School of History and Heritage at the University of Lincoln. I specialise in the cultural history of the medieval Western Mediterranean, with a particular focus on the Iberian Peninsula. My main areas of research include the History of Emotions, the study of medieval social communication and cultural networks, along with interfaith collaborations and political agreements. I completed my first degree in European Languages and Cultures at the University of Catania (Italy), before undertaking my doctoral research in Medieval Iberian Studies at the University of Exeter (UK), where I also worked as a Teaching Fellow. I worked as a Lecturer in Medieval History at Queen Mary, University of London, before joining the School of History and Heritage at the University of Lincoln in 2013. My first monograph, Friendship in Medieval Iberia: Historical, Legal and Literary Perspectives, was published by Ashgate in 2014. I worked on the idea and representation of power in Medieval Castile and León between the eleventh and the thirteenth centuries, as a member of an international research project led by the University of Salamanca (Spain). More recently, along with my research on ego-documents and ‘emotional memory’, I have been invited to join the Leverhulme-funded international research network ‘New Interpretations of the Angevin World’ (

I am currently working on a new project on Emotions, Communication and Diplomacy in Medieval Iberia (with special attention devoted to the Crown of Aragon), which combines historical and literary methodologies to examine the instrumental adoption of emotional discourses across and beyond geopolitical, religious, linguistic and ethnic frontiers.

I am a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society and in June 2018 I was elected co-President of the Society for the Medieval Mediterranean ( for which I have been working as a Treasurer since 2013 and I also co-organized its 4th International Conference in July 2015. In 2018 I was awarded a Visiting Fellowship at the Research Centre for Humanities, Institución Milá y Fontanals of Barcelona, which is part of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC).

I am the Open Days Coordinator and Digital Leader for the School of History at the University of Lincoln, and I am particularly interested in developing e-learning projects aimed at enhancing our students’ learning experience at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

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Dr Robert Portass, Senior Lecturer, Medieval History 

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I am a Senior Lecturer in Medieval History in the School of History and Heritage.  I specialise in the social and economic history of medieval Europe from 500 to 1200, with a particular focus on the Iberian Peninsula, which I situate in my teaching and research within the broader context of the Eurasian world. I came to Lincoln in 2014 from the University of Oxford, where I conjointly held a Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship and a JRF at St Hilda’s College from 2011 to 2014.  My training was conducted at the University of Oxford (MA and DPhil) and the Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, where I completed a two-year Masters-level training course with distinction (all instruction in Spanish or Galician).  I retain active research contacts throughout Iberia, including at the Instituto de Estudios Medievais in Lisbon (where I am a Visiting Research Associate) and the Universidad de León. My first monograph, a study of the emergence of a small but dynamic land market in early medieval northern Spain and its transformative effects on peasant society, was published in the Royal Historical Society’s prize series Studies in History (Boydell and Brewer) in 2017.  I am currently working on two further projects: the first is a commissioned monograph for Palgrave Macmillan’s Studies in Economic History series, due late 2019, on the economic history of Christian and Muslim Iberia from approximately 700 to 1250; the second is a study of estate management in tenth-century Spain that looks to set my findings within the context of late Roman-style estate management practice. Major forthcoming publications include ‘Early Medieval Spain, 800-1100: the Christian Kingdoms and al-Andalus’, in S. Mossman (ed.), Debating the Middle Ages, Vol. I (Manchester University Press, 2018 [19,000 words]). I have been elected to a Visiting Fellowship at King’s College, Cambridge, for the academic year 2017-18 and I shall be on research leave in Semester B.

Since January 2015 I have been Programme Leader for the MA in Medieval Studies and I am responsible for all administrative and organisational duties related to the programme.  I also teach various modules on the programme, including: Research Methods; Medieval Palaeography and Diplomatic (mostly Visigothic and Carolingian scripts); Medieval Iberia: People, Power and Place; North by Northwest: Comparative Approaches to Northwestern Europe, 750-1000.

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Dr Michele Vescovi, Senior Lecturer, Medieval Art History 

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Michele joins the University of Lincoln after a three-year lectureship at the University of York. His research focuses on the transmission of cultures, visual translations and the creation of identities in the exchanges between East and West, North and South during the Middle Ages, with a particular emphasis on the eleventh and the twelfth century. An important part of his activity concerns eleventh-century architecture: with the discovery of the previously unpublished church of Sant’Uldarico in Parma, he showed the wide range of cultural connections and exchanges between Northern Italy and the Holy Roman Empire, in the transmission of knowledge, technology and models. In his first monograph, ‘Monferrato’ Medievale: Crocevia di Culture e Sperimentazioni, he analysed the disparity between the geography of art as shaped by the art-historical scholarship and the cultural reality of a medieval diocese, open, as it was, to a wide range of connections and exchanges, and the ways in which institutional and personal networks sustained and justified the transmission of images and models across the Alps and the Mediterranean.

Michele is currently working on two major projects. The Contested Body, funded by The British Academy/Leverhulme Small Research Grant, investigates the multi-layered meaning of the presence of holy bodies, and the ways in which architecture organically showed this presence, making materially visible what was, at the time, invisible. For this project, Michele draws on a wide corpus of structures, built between the ninth and the thirteenth century, from the northern lands of the Holy Roman Empire to the shores of the Mediterranean. In the second project, Michele is working on the connections between liturgy and monumental sculpture in the twelfth century, examining not only the extent to which liturgical readings informed and shaped complex and extended portal programmes, but also the ways monumental images were activated and amplified during liturgical performances.

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Dr Anaïs Waag, Leverhulme Early Career Research Fellow

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Dr Waag is a medievalist interested in Women’s History and Gender Studies, with a particular focus on power – its management and representation – and political communication, which she approaches from a comparative perspective. Dr Waag was awarded her doctorate from King’s College London in 2020 with a thesis titled ‘Forms and Formalities of Thirteenth-Century Queenship: A Comparative Study’, in which she examined how female power was formally and publicly expressed in England, France and the Iberian Peninsula. Dr Waag completed her B.A. History at Fordham University in New York, and her M.A. in Medieval History at King’s College London.


Dr Renee Ward, Senior Lecturer, Medieval English Literature

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My research has two main branches: medieval and post-medieval. Much of my research on the medieval period concerns the literature and culture of the high to late Middle Ages, with particular emphases on monsters; the romance genre and its cultural contexts; and relationships between English and Continental narratives. My published works to date on medieval romance explore embodiments of liminality and their connections to violence, and investigate how medieval authors use these representations to challenge or reinstate social hegemonies. These interests likewise inform my current book project, The Werewolf in Medieval Romance (under contract with Palgrave Macmillan) and my research on medieval outlaw figures. My interests in post-medieval literature focus on representations of the Middle Ages in children’s and young adult literature. I have published widely on the medievalism of J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series, and a large portion of my current research recovers the works of Victorian children’s writer Eleanora Louisa Hervey, including two proto-feminist retellings of the medieval Griselda story and a heavily Christianized adaptation of the Old English poem Beowulf. I am also heavily interested in post-medieval Arthuriana, and recently, with Miriam Edlich-Muth (Univeristy of Düsseldorf) and Victoria Coldham-Fussell (Victoria University of Wellington, NZ), have embarked upon a new project for the Routledge Worlds Series, The Arthurian World. In August 2018, I also became Co-Editor of The Year’s Work in Medievalism, a peer-reviewed, open-access journal associated with the International Society for the Study of Medievalism.

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Professor Louise Wilkinson, Medieval Studies

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Prof. Wilkinson’s research focuses on women, politics and aristocratic culture in late medieval England. She also has a particular interest in medieval Lincolnshire and its records, since her doctorate and her first book examined the lives of women at different social levels in this county during the thirteenth century, including Lady Nicholaa de la Haye (d. 1230), Lincoln’s castellan and sheriff. She is a long-standing member of the Lincoln Record Society. Prof. Wilkinson was a co-investigator of ‘The Magna Carta Project’ ( in 2012-15, and before that of ‘Between Magna Carta and the Parliamentary State: The Fine Rolls of King Henry III, 1216-72’ (, two research projects funded by the AHRC and involving academics from UEA, the British Library, King’s College London, Oxford University and The National Archives. She was involved in the regional, national and international celebrations to mark the 800th anniversaries of Magna Carta in 2015 and the Battle of Lincoln in 2017, authoring teaching resources for schools and assisting with museum exhibitions for the former, delivering public lectures, working with the media (e.g. Radio 4’s ‘In Our Time’ episode on the Battle of Lincoln), and helping to establish the Canterbury Annual Medieval Pageant and Family Trail.

Before coming to Lincoln, she was Professor of Medieval History at Canterbury Christ Church University and, prior to that, worked as a research fellow on the Calendar of Patent Rolls (Elizabeth I) Project, based at Reading University and The National Archives.  Prof. Wilkinson has published widely on medieval women and thirteenth-century life. She is joint general editor of the Pipe Roll Society, and joint series editor of Routledge’s Lives of Royal Women Series, which aims to feature academic, yet accessible biographies of royal women from all periods, cultures and geographic regions. For more information about her research, teaching and other roles click here.


Dr Hope Williard, Academic Subject Librarian

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I am the academic subject librarian who supports medieval studies staff and students in finding information for teaching, learning, and research. I also serve as subject liaison for the wider school of history and heritage as well as the performing arts programmes. Humanities scholars and students are deeply engaged with libraries and their resources, and it is my pleasure to help colleagues and students make the most of what we have to offer. I earned my PhD in Medieval Studies from the University of Leeds in 2017, where I wrote a thesis on friendship in the early Middle Ages. This is under contract with ARC Humanities Press / Amsterdam University Press as a monograph, Friendship in the Merovingian Kingdoms: Venantius Fortunatus and his Contemporaries. My current research projects focus on female manuscript scholars in the early twentieth century, and the place of letters and letter carriers in late antique culture; for the former project, I am the 2020-1 Humfrey Wanley Fellow at the Bodleian Libraries, Oxford. Finally, I have been an associate lecturer for the School of History and Heritage since 2016, where I have taught late antique and medieval history, as well as medieval Latin, to undergraduate and postgraduate students.

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Dr Jamie Wood, Principal Lecturer Late Antiquity/Early Medieval History

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I am a Principal Lecturer in History in the School of History and Heritage and School Director of Learning and Teaching. I specialise in the social and cultural history of the late antique and early Medieval Mediterranean, particularly Spain. I’ve worked on history-writing, identity, education, cultural memory, and violence in this period and am currently developing a project on the role of violence in education from 100-700 CE. I’d be interested in supervising PhD, MA and undergraduate dissertations in any of these areas. In October 2011 I finished a Leverhulme Early Career Postdoctoral Fellowship entitled ‘Cultivating Conflict in Late Roman Spain’ in Religions and Theology at the University of Manchester and then taught there for 18 months. I have also lectured in History, Classics and Ancient History, and Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology at the Universities of Sheffield, Warwick and Liverpool. I became a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society and from January-June 2014 I was a visiting lecturer at Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz. I have also researched at the Universities of Salamanca, Santander and Granada in Spain. In May 2015 I became a visiting fellow of the John Rylands Research Institute, at the University of Manchester, working on a project entitled “To be the neighbour of San Pedro: Divine Judgement in tenth century northern Spain”.   In terms of teaching, I’m particularly interested in the role of active, inquiry-based and online pedagogies in higher education. From 2007-2009 I worked as an educational developer at the Centre for Inquiry-based learning in the Arts and Social Sciences at the University of Sheffield. I am Fellow and Academic Associate of the Higher Education Academy. I am School Director of Learning and Teaching.

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Dr Michael Wuk, Associate Lecturer, Late Antiquity/ Early Medieval History

I am an Associate Lecturer in the School of History and Heritage. In previous years, I have taught at the University of Liverpool and the University of Nottingham, and I have undertaken research at the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, Munich. Since 2019, I have also been an Associate Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. My research concerns the later-Roman and early-medieval worlds, especially the social, religious, and institutional history of the late-antique Mediterranean and Near East (fourth-seventh centuries CE). Within these broad parameters, my work investigates concepts of obligation and interactions between rulers, subjects, and other sources of authority. Additionally, I have an abiding interest in the use of documentary sources, such as church conciliar acts and papyrus records. These themes are represented in my AHRC-funded PhD thesis on oath-taking, which I am in the process of turning into a monograph.